Selected Bibliography for Maryland SPOOM Conference, Sept. 8-11, 2005


National Level and How-to-do-it:


Berman Steen, Flour Milling in America (Minneapolis, 1963).


Carol Bates, "The Gristmill's Gift," Gourmet, (October 1973): 37-44.


Carol Levine, "Milling at Phillipsburg," Early American Life, April 1973, pp. 14-19.


Edwin Tunis, Colonial Craftsmen and the Beginning of American Industry (Cleveland, 1965).


John Leander Bishop, A History of American Manufacturing from 1608-1860 (Philadelphia, 1861). Reprinted in 20th Century: 3 vols.


Oliver Evans, The Young Mill-Wright and Miller's Guide (Philadelphia, 1795). Available in modern reprints.


Henry Magee, The Miller in Eighteenth Century Virginia (Williamsburg, 1964). John W. Oliver, History of American Technology (New York, 1958).


D. W. Garber, Waterwheels and Millstones: A History of Ohio Gristmills and Milling (Ohio Historical Society: Columbus, 1970).


John Reynolds, Windmills and Watermills (Praeger Publishers: New York, 1970). Mainly devoted the U. K. and European mills.


Publius Vergilius Lawson, "The Invention of the Roller Flour Mill," Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin (Madison, 1908). Reprinted in Old Mill News, 33 (Summer 2005): 20-21.


Marion Nicholl Rawson, Little Old Mills (Johnson Reprint: New York, 1970). Maryland Sources:


Archives of Maryland [a book series now on-line at Maryland State Archives web site:


(1)        Writs of Ad Quod Damnum passage of first Act of Assembly, Vol. 51, pp. xxvii, 28, 71, 378 (first act passed 1692).


(2)        Writs of Ad Quod Damnum—repeal by Assembly in 1766-Vol. 61, pp. xxxv, xcvii, 100, 230.


Description of former Election District Lines, Baltimore County, found in Baltimore ,American and Commercial Daily Advertiser, August 23, 1800.


Gladfelter-vs-Walker, Maryland Court of Appeals series: 40 Md. 1 (1874).


Paul M. Galbreath, Maryland Water Law (University of Md.: College Park, 1965).


Dorothy and Grenville Bathe, Oliver Evans, A Chronicle of Early American Engineering (Philadelphia, 1935).


Martha Ellicott Tyson, Settlement of Ellicotts Mills (Maryland Historical Society: Baltimore, 1871).


Robert H. Fowler, "AHI Visits—the Shriver Homestead at Union Mills, Maryland," American history Illustrated, Juts 1968).


Thomas L. Phillips, Orange Grove in 1900 (Washington, D. C.,1971).


Charles S. Phillips, "When Baltimore Was Our Flour Capital," National and American Miller, April 1934. Reprinted in Old Mill News, (Fall 1990): 26.


Allen C. Clark, "The Old Mills," Columbia Historical Magazine, 31-32 (1930): 81ff. A. H. Deute, "The Stones Grind Slowly," Gourmet, March 1943.


Louis Kuethe, "List of Maryland Mills, Taverns, Forges, and Furnaces of 1795," Maryland Historical Magazine, 31 (June 1936): 155ff.


William B. Marye, "Baltimore City Placenames, Stony Run, Its Plantations, Farms, Country Seats, and Mills," Maryland Historical Magazine, 58 (September 1963): 211-232.


Jared Sparks, "Summary Statement of Millstreams in the Vicinity of Baltimore," North American Review, Boston, January, 1825.


Betts M. Snyder, "Ancient Mills of the Monocacy," Baltimore Sun, April 20, 1926.


James S. Shepherd, "Water Mills and Windmills of Dorchester County," Maryland Conservationist, (Spring 1934): 7ff.


May A. Seitz, History of Hoffman Paper Mills in Baltimore County (Towson, Md., 1946).

George Gipe, "A Man and His Mills," Maryland Magazine, (Spring 1972).


 Hartley Mill, Baltimore County, from postcard.


John W. McGrain, Grist Mills of Baltimore County (Baltimore County Public Library: 1980).


John W. McGrain, Bibliography of Industry in Western Maryland (Towson, Maryland: July 5, 2005).


John W. McGrain, "Good Bye Old Burr: The Roller Mill Revolution in Maryland," Maryland Historical Magazine, 77 (Summer 1982): 154-176.


John W. McGrain, "Englehart Cruse and Baltimore's First Steam Mill," Maryland Historical Magazine, 71 (Spring 1976) 65-79.


John W. McGrain, "Harford County's Mill Heritage," Harford Historical Bulletin, 75 (Winter 1998): 3-40.


John W. McGrain, "Harford County's Mill Heritage II," Harford Historical Bulletin, 80 (Spring 1999): 2-52.


G. Terry Shaffer, "Flour Milling in the Growth of Baltimore, 1750-1830," Maryland Historical Magazine, 71 (Fall 1976): 322-333.


G. Terry Sharrer, "Oliver Evans and the Beginning of Automated Milling in Maryland and the Upper South," Papers from Seminar on Water Mills and Windmills (Erno River Association: Durham, North Carolina, 1979).


G. Terry Shaffer, "The Merchant Millers: Baltimore's Flour Milling Industry, 17833-1860," Agricultural History, 56 (January 1983): 138-150.


Joan Prall, Mills and Memories (Westminster, Md., 1985).


Henry K. Sharp, The Patapsco River Valley, Cradle of the Industrial Revolution (Maryland Historical Society: Baltimore, 2001).


"A Maryland Short System Mill [owned by E. A. Shriner, the Ceresville Mill, including woodcut illustration]," American Miller, 16 (July 1, 1888): 461.


"An Old Maryland Mill [McKinstry's Mill in Carroll County]," American Miller, (February 1, 1909).


"Baltimore Flour Mills," Baltimore American, November 12, 1892.


"The Patapsco Mills [history of C. A. Gambrill Mfg. Company and new roller mill at foot of Smith's Dock]," American Miller, 12 (October 1, 1884): 531.


Web Sites:


Theodore Hazen's web site on mill technology and history.


For extensive bibliographies of Maryland industry and also a tour of mill towns along Jones Falls, go to GOOGLE and enter <Baltimore County Maps and Research Links.> Then in the left-hand column of the Baltimore County Office of Planning page, select <Historic Preservation>, and then select <Maps and Research Links> again. Scroll past the African American history entries to the Bibliographies and the Light Rail History and Scenery, which are on PDF's.


For an extensive (and continuously changing) collection of postcard images of mills, go to, and search for Mill in the Postcard section.  (Or click here.)


Greenfields Mill Banknote or Denominated Check, 1836, Frederick County, Maryland.

BACK to the Mid-Atlantic SPOOM home page

Web site hosted at the Union Mills Homestead
Page last modified 09/23/2007 by Doug Klein